Electrical Safety Reports Explained
The Electrical Safety Standards in the Private Rented Sector (England) Regulations 2020 came into force on 1 June 2020. This means all new tenancies from 1 July 2020 (extending to all existing tenancies from 1 April 2021) will need to have a valid Electrical Installation Condition Report (EICR) stating that the national standards for electrical safety are met.
Landlords of privately rented accommodation must:
- Ensure national standards for electrical safety are met. These are set out in the 18th edition of the ‘Wiring Regulations’, which are published as British Standard 7671
- Ensure the electrical installations in their rented properties are inspected and tested by a qualified and competent person at least every five years
- Obtain a report from the person conducting the inspection and test, which gives the results and sets a date for the next inspection and test
- Supply a copy of this report to the existing tenant within 28 days of the inspection and test.
- Supply a copy of this report to a new tenant before they occupy the premises
- Supply a copy of this report to any prospective tenant within 28 days of receiving a request for the report
- Supply the local authority with a copy of this report within seven days of receiving a request for a copy
- Retain a copy of the report to give to the inspector and tester who will undertake the next inspection and test
- Where the report shows that remedial or further investigative work is necessary, complete this work within 28 days or any shorter period if specified as necessary in the report
- Supply written confirmation of the completion of the remedial works from the electrician to the tenant and the local authority within 28 days of completion of the works
For an inspection to be valid, it must be carried out by a “qualified and competent” person – this can be verified by ensuring the inspector is a member of a competent person scheme, such as the NICEIC. We are full scope approved contractors registered with the NICEIC.
The inspections will look at and test the “fixed” parts of the property such as wiring, plug sockets, light fittings and the fusebox as well as permanently connected equipment like extractor fans and showers.
The inspection will identify:
- overloaded electrical installations
- potential electric shock risks or fire hazards
- defective electrical work
- lack of earthing or bonding; these are two ways of preventing electrical shocks that are built into electrical installations
Non-fixed electricals, such as cookers, fridges and televisions, will not be inspected. Landlords could carry out additional portable appliance testing (PAT), this is an additional service we can provide during the inspection – this should be carried out every 12 months.
REPORTS AND REMEDIAL WORKS
Once the inspection has been carried out, we will provide a detailed EICR, this report will detail the outcome and any investigative or remedial works that will need to be carried out.
The report will show if the electrical installation is safe for continued use. If the report does not recommend any investigative or remedial works, the landlord will not be required to do anything further other than supplying the report where necessary. The report will remain valid for up to five years.
Should the inspection identify signs of ‘Danger present. Risk of injury’ or ‘potentially dangerous’ electrical issues, remedial work will be required immediately. If the inspector identified that ‘further investigative work’ is required, the landlord must also ensure this is carried out. The tenant and the local authority must then be given notice that the work has been carried out within 28 days of completing the work.
Should we find that improvement is recommended, landlords do not have to make the improvement, but it would improve the safety of their property if they did.
A copy of the report must be given to the current tenant within 28 days of the inspection, or to any new tenant before they move in. Any prospective tenant who requests a copy of the report must also be given it within 28 days. If a local authority requests it, landlords must supply them with a copy of this report within 7 days of receiving the request.
If a landlord is found to be in breach of their duty, they can be fined up to £30,000.
Changes to the rules and regulations can be confusing and tricky to manage, but don’t worry, that is what we are here for.